Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. Appendix is present in the lower right side of the abdomen. It is 3 1/2-inch-long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine. It is worm shaped vermiform appendix.
Symptoms of appendicitis are
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal pain around appendix area (Lower right side of the abdomen)
- Abdominal pain may increase while coughing, moving, deep breathing, jumping.
- Constipation or diarrhea with gas
- Pain in the lower back region
Causes of appendicitis
- Infection due to bacteria, fungi or parasites in the body
- Wall of appendicitis may be flimflammed due to the presence of faecal matter.
- Crohn’s disease
- Intestinal disorder
- Accumulation of undigested seeds in the appendix
- Pin worm infection
- Lymphoid hyperplasia
Complications with Appendicitis
- Abdominal inflammation
- Sepsis :- Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that arises when the body’s response to infection causes injury to its own tissues and organs
- If it is ignored an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity which leads to peritonitis.
- If appendicitis is ignored it may rupture leads to shock which can be fatal.
Diagnosis : Diagnosis of the disease mainly based on disease
- Blood test : a complete blood count (CBC) is done to check for signs of infection (White blood cells count increases)
- Urine test: to check out a urinary tract infection
- Retal exam
- Ultrasonography and Doppler sonography are useful to detect appendicitis, especially in children.
- Computed tomography (CT) has become frequently used, especially in people whose diagnosis is not obvious on history and physical examination
- Some antibiotics are used to treat appendicitis
- But in severe conditions appendicitis have to be removed surgically through laparotomy, or laparoscopy.
- Surgery related to appendicitis is called as appendectomy. Antibiotics are given before an appendectomy to fight possible peritonitis. General anesthesia is usually given, and the appendix is removed through a 4-inch incision or by laparoscopy. If you have peritonitis, the abdomen is also irrigated and drained of pus.