Bariatric surgery-Weight loss surgery
Obesity is a condition where a person has accumulated so much body fat that it might have a negative effect on their health. It is different from being overweight, The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is greater than what’s considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity is preventable
Causes of Obesity:
At an individual level, a combination of excessive food energy intake and a lack of physical activity is thought to explain most cases of obesity. A limited number of cases are due primarily to genetics, medical reasons, or psychiatric illness.
Health effects of obesity
- Heart disease and stroke
- High blood pressure
- Gallbladder disease and gallstones
- Breathing problems
- Sexual weakness
Bariatric surgery is a procedures for weight loss which is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach. Bariatric surgery may be an option for adults and teens who have severe obesity Studies say that this procedure cause significant long-term loss of weight, recovery from diabetes, improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, and a mortality reduction.
There are three types of bariatric operations:
gastric band, gastric bypass, and gastric sleeve.
Bariatric Surgery Benefits
Bariatric surgery can improve many health problems related to obesity, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and sleep apnea. Surgery also may lead to improved physical function and mood, and better quality of life.