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Best food to combat Anemia

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Best food to combat Anemia

Anemia is a condition decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood. It is a common blood disorder. Hemoglobin is a main part of red blood cells and binds oxygen. If you have too few or abnormal red blood cells, or your hemoglobin is abnormal or low, the cells in your body will not get enough oxygen. This leads to reduced oxygen flow to the body’s organs. Women are at high risk of anemia as they lost blood during menstruation.

The three main types of anemia are due to blood loss, decreased red blood cell production, and increased red blood cell breakdown

  • Anemia caused by blood loss
  • Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production
  • Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells

Causes of Anemia

  • Some of the main causes of anemia in women are
    • Deficiency of iron
    • Deficiency of vitamin B12
    • Deficiency of folic acid
    • Lactation
    • Excessive blood loss
    • Worm infestation in the stomach and intestine.
    • Smoking
    • Aging
    • High BMI
    • Inherited disorders like sickle cell anemia

Symptoms of Anemia

The most common symptom of anemia are given below

  • Lethargy
  • Tiredness
  • Malaise or the feeling that one is not well
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitation
  • Sensitivity to cold

Some of the rare symptoms of anemia are  Swelling of the legs and arms, Chronic heartburn,  Increased sweating, Vomiting, Blood in stools

Iron rich food are

  • red meat, such as beef
  • organ meat, such as kidney and liver
  • dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale
  • dried fruits, such as prunes and raisins
  • beans
  • legumes
  • egg yolks

Folic acid (Vitamin B-9) rich food are :

  • enriched breads
  • enriched cereals
  • dark, leafy, green vegetables, such as spinach and kale
  • beans
  • lentils
  • peas
  • nuts

Vitamin B12 rich food are

  • red meat, such as beef
  • fish
  • dairy products, such as milk and cheese
  • eggs

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