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Childhood obesity and its facts

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Childhood obesity and its facts

Childhood obesity is a condition in which a child is significantly overweight for his or her age and height. Childhood obesity is a condition of extreme overweight in children and adolescents. Being overweight, consisting mainly of body fat. Childhood obesity can lead to diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

According to a report from urban South India, 21.4 % of boys and 18.5% of girls aged 13-18 years were overweight or obese (24). The prevalence of obesity among School children in India has been reported between 5.74% and 8.82% (25,26).

The World Health Organization estimates that the number of obese Europeans has more than tripled since the 1980s, and that around 1 in 3 children aged 6-9 years old are overweight or obese.

Following risk factors show how Children become obese

  • Dietary factors
    • Increased risk
      • Intake of large meals
      • Intake of sugar sweetened drinks
    • Decreased risk
      • Intake of High fruits and vegetables
  • Behavioral factors
    • Increased risk
      • Intake of snacks frequently with high fats, sugars and salts.
      • Lack of adequate sleep
      • Skipping breakfast
      • long time sitting
    • Decreased risk
      • Physical activity
      • Limit sitting time
  • Psychological factors
    • Increased risk
      • Impulsivity,
      • depression
      • Self esteem
      • anxiety
      • Stress
    • Decreased risk
      • Meditation

Health consequences of childhood obesity are overweight is likely to be carried over into adulthood, and increases the risk for a variety of physical health problems, including: type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal problems including joint and muscle pain, reduced mobility and balance, obstructive sleep apnea, asthma, and early entry into puberty.

Parents, teachers play a vital role in helping children to develop healthy habits to prevent obesity in children.

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