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cirrhosis of the liver

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Cirrhosis of the liver

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage. Cirrhosis is a complication of liver disease which involves loss of liver cells and irreversible scarring of the liver. It is long term disease develops slowly over months to years.

Symptoms of Cirrhosis

In the early stage of disease it shows no symptoms but later on it shows symptoms like

  • Tired
  • weak
  • itchy
  • swelling in the lower legs
  • yellowish skin
  • easily bruise
  • Ascites – Where fluid buildup in the abdomen
  • We can observe developed Spider-like blood vessels in the skin

Weakness and loss of weight may be early symptoms.

Complications with Cirrhosis are the fluid build-up in the abdomen may become spontaneously infected and other complications include

  • hepatic encephalopathy, (It leads to unconsciousness)
  • bleeding from dilated veins in the esophagus
  • bleeding from dilated stomach veins
  • Liver cancer

Common Causes of Cirrhosis are

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease (Over weight, diabetes, high blood fats, high blood pressure)
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Hemochromatosis
  • medications
  • Gall stones
  • Primary billiary Cirrhosis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Hereditary hemochromatosis
  • Galactosemia
  • Glycogen storage disease type IV
  • Cystic fibrosis

Diagnosis : Diagnosis of Cirrhosis is by

  • Blood test
  • Medical Imaging
  • Liver biopsy

Prevention :

  • Vaccination : Hepatitis B can be prevented by vaccination
  • Avoid alcohol consumption

Treatment : Treatment mainly depends on the underlying cause of the disease

    • Treatment of cirrhosis is designed to prevent further damage to the liver, treat complications of cirrhosis, and preventing or detecting liver cancer early.
    • Transplantation of the liver is an important option for treating patients with advanced cirrhosis.
  • In the following video you can some more details about Cirrhosis

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