Dates refer to the fruits of the date palm tree. These are probably one of the oldest cultivated fruits and have been a part of the staple diet in the Middle Eastern countries. They are believed to have originated somewhere around the Persian Gulf. A typical date fruit is a drupe where the outer fleshy part surrounds a shell of hardened endocarp consisting of a seed inside. These fruits are oval to cylindrical in shape and about 3 to 7 cm long. Unripe fruits are bright yellow or red in colour. On ripening, they become brown and shrivelled, resembling a prune.
Types Of Dates Fruit
- Medjool – Has its origins in Morocco. They are large and delicious. Have a toffee-like flavour.
- Barhi – Also called yellow dates, this variety is native to Iraq. They are gentle and have thicker flesh.
- Dayri – These dates are lengthy, slim, and black.
- Halawy – These are incredibly sweet and small in size.
- Deglet Noor – One of the best varieties from Tunisia and Algeria. Semi-dry and not too sweet, these dates are usually used in cooking.
- Hayani – Grown in Egypt, these dates are gentle and red to black.
- Migraf – Popular in southern Yemen, these dates are large and golden amber.
- Iteema – These are native to Algeria, and are extremely sweet. Big and oblong.
Nutrition Facts Of Dates
The nutrition values of dates amount per 100 grams is
- Calories- 282
- Total Fat- 0%
- Cholesterol- 0%
- Sodium- 2 mg
- Potassium- 18%
- Total Carbohydrates- 18%
- Dietary Fiber- 32%
- Protein- 5%
- Calcium- 3%
- Iron- 5%
- Vitamin B-6- 10%
- Magnesium- 10%
Health Benefits Of Dates
1. Promoting Digestive Health, Relieving Constipation:
Fiber is essential for promoting colon health and making for regular bowel movements. The insoluble and soluble fiber found in dates help to clean out the gastrointestinal system, allowing the colon to work at greater levels of efficiency.
2. Improves bone health:
Dates are rich in selenium, manganese, copper, and magnesium, and all of these are required when it comes to keeping our bones healthy and preventing conditions such as osteoporosis.
3. Strengthens the nervous system
The date is loaded with potassium, and yet contain little sodium, and that goes a long way in keeping your nervous system in order. The potassium helps to reduce cholesterol and keeps the risk of a stroke in check.
4. Improve Heart Health
Just a handful of dates a day was found to improve heart health. The antioxidants in dates prevent atherosclerosis, which is basically the arteries getting hard and clogged with plaque. These antioxidants stimulate cholesterol removal from the artery cells. Dates also contain isoflavones that are known to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
5. Treat Diarrhea
Ripe dates contain potassium, which is known as an effective way of controlling diarrhoea. They are also easy to digest, which further helps alleviate the unpredictable nature of chronic diarrhoea. The soluble fiber in them can also help relieve diarrhoea.
6. Reduced Blood Pressure
Magnesium has been shown to help lower blood pressure and again, dates are full of the mineral. Additionally, potassium is another mineral in dates that has several functions within the body, aiding with the proper workings of the heart and helping to reduce blood pressure.
7. Dates Benefits For Skin
Dates contain vitamins C and D that work on the skin elasticity. The fruits can also help combat skin issues – you can incorporate dates into your diet and see the results in the long run.
Dates also come with anti-aging benefits; they prevent the accumulation of melanin in your body, which otherwise has undesirable effects.
We know that hormones play a major role in skin aging and appearance. Date palm kernel extract is known to have phytohormones that exhibit significant anti-aging effects. The extract can combat wrinkles too.
8. Prevent Hair Loss
Being rich in iron, dates promote blood circulation to the scalp and promote hair growth. This happens as oxygen is properly dispersed to your entire body, your scalp included. This ultimately prevents hair loss and stimulates new hair growth.