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Food for healthy thyroid and metabolism

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Food for healthy thyroid and metabolism

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of your neck. The thyroid gland is about 2-inches long and lies in front of your throat below the prominence of thyroid cartilage sometimes called the Adam’s apple. The thyroid has two sides called lobes that lie on either side of your windpipe, and is usually connected by a strip of thyroid tissue known as an isthmus. Some people do not have an isthmus, and instead have two separate thyroid lobes.

It releases hormones that control metabolism—the way your body uses energy. The thyroid’s hormones regulate vital body functions, including:

  • Breathing
  • Heart rate
  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Body weight
  • Muscle strength
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Body temperature
  • Cholesterol levels

The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods you eat to make two main hormones:

  • Triiodothyronine (T3) : Triiodothyronine, also known as T₃, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate.
  • Thyroxine (T4) :  Thyroxine’s principal function is to stimulate the consumption of oxygen and thus the metabolism of all cells and tissues in the body. Thyroxine is formed by the molecular addition of iodine to the amino acid tyrosine while the latter is bound to the protein thyroglobulin.

Hyperthyroidism : Excessive secretion of thyroxine in the body is known as hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, is more prevalent in women than in men. Common symptoms include weight loss, weakness, irregular heartbeat, and difficulty sleeping.

Hypothyroidism : Deficiency in secretion of thyroxine in the body is known as hyporthyroidism, It is also called underactive thyroid disease, is a common disorder. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. “Thyroiditis” is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are depend on the deficiency of thyroid hormone, but can include.

Food for healthy thyroid and metabolism

  • Apples
  • Seaweeds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Oysters
  • Chicken
  • Yogurt
  • Salmon
  • Green tea
  • Olive oil
  • Eggs
  • Full-fat milk
  • Whole grains
  • Garlic
  • Chocolate
  • Lentils

Food rich in Iodine and Tryosine  and Non-Cruciferous vegetables and fruits will help more in keeping your thyroid healthy.

The above mentioned food are rich in Antioxidants which help protect your body against damage from free radicals. Most also have high amounts of electrolytes like potassium and sodium, which contribute to the movement of fluid in body tissues.

 

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