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Hemorrhoids

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Hemarrhoids

Hemorrhoids mean a swollen vein or group of veins in the region of the anus. Which is also called as Piles they act as a cushion for stool outgo but they become swollen and inflamed in a certain condition which is termed as Hemorrhoids.

There are two types of hemorrhoids:

  • Internal hemorrhoids are located on the inside lining of the rectum and cannot be felt unless they prolapse and push through the anus opening causing pain and itching.
  • External hemorrhoids are located beneath the skin on the outer aspect of the anus. Symptoms may include bleeding with a bowel movement and a mass or fullness that can be felt at the anal opening.

Causes of Hemorrhoids:

  • Being overweight or obese.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Anal intercourse.
  • Low fiber diet.
  • Spinal cord injury.
  • Chronic constipation
  • Chronic diarrhea.
  • Lift style
  • Junk food
  • Intake less water
  • Overheat in body
  • Smoking
  • Alcoholism etc.,

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids:

  • straining during bowel movements.
  • sitting for long periods of time, especially on the toilet.
  • pain or discomfort, especially when sitting
  • itching or irritation around the anal region
  • bright red blood in your stools
  • swelling around the anus

Rare Side effect of Hemorrhoids:

  • Abnormal Heart Rhythm
  • Chronic Trouble Sleeping
  • Dizzy
  • Fast Heartbeat
  • Nervous
  • Loss of Skin Color
  • Excessive Sweating

Best food for hemorrhoids

 “Adding fiber to the diet is the universal recommendation of both family doctors and gastroenterologists,” says Dr. Kussin. Aim to get 25 to 30 grams of fiber per day. Great food sources of fiber include:

  • Legumes, such as split peas, lentils, black beans, lima beans, and baked beans
  • Whole grains, such as barley, bran flakes, oatmeal, and brown rice
  • Vegetables, such as artichoke, green peas, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts
  • Fruits, such as raspberries, pears, apples, and bananas
  • Drink enought water
    • Legumes, such as beans, lentils and split peas, provide valuable amounts of protein, micronutrients, such as B-vitamins and iron, and fiber. Increasing your fiber intake can increase stool softness and ease pressure on hemorrhoids during bowel movements.
    • Whole grains contain all nutritious parts of the grain. As a result, they provide more micronutrients, such as selenium and folate, protein and fiber than refined grains, such as enriched flour. This higher fiber intake and reduces constipation and hemorrhoid strain.
    • Hydrating fruits and vegetables, consuming plentiful amounts of fluid is important for alleviating hemorrhoid strain.

Home remedies for hemorrhoids

  • Ice: Apply an ice pack or a partially melted piece of ice wrapped in a cloth directly on the affected area for about 10 minutes. Repeat this process until hemorrhoid goes away.
  • Aloe vera: It helps you as pain relief and soothes the burning solution. Apply a little bit of aloe vera gel to your anus and slowly massage the area with it until it gives relief.
  • Lemon juice: Intake mixture of one-half teaspoon each of lemon juice, ginger juice, mint juice and honey together.
  • Almond oil: It can give a relief from inflammation, gives you relief from burning and itching sensation in and around the anus, all that you have to do is take a cotton ball and dip it in pure almond oil and apply to affected area.
  • Olive oil: Intake of one teaspoon of olive oil daily helps you to reduce inflammation and the monounsaturated fats will improve the functionality of the excretory system.

Diagnosis

  • Hemorrhoids are typically diagnosed by physical examination and a visual examination of the anus and surrounding area may diagnose external or prolapsed hemorrhoids.
  • A rectal exam may be performed to detect possible rectal tumors, polyps, an enlarged prostate, or abscessesa.
  • Visual confirmation of internal hemorrhoids may require anoscopy,

Prevention

  • Avoiding constipation and diarrhea either by eating a high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of fluid or by taking fiber supplements, and getting sufficient exercise

Treatment

  • Rubber band ligation
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Surgery

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