What Is Blood Pressure?
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. When used without further specification, “blood pressure” usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heartbeats) and is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure (considered to be zero for convenience).
For a normal reading, your blood pressure needs to show a top number that’s between 90 and 120, and a bottom number that’s between 60 and 80. When both your systolic and diastolic numbers are in these ranges, that is the normal range for blood pressure.
Blood pressure is influenced by cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, and arterial stiffness and varies depending on the situation, emotional state, activity, and relative health/disease states. In the short term, it is regulated by baroreceptors which act via the brain to influence nervous and endocrine systems.
There are two types of blood pressures we can see in the human body
Hypertension or high blood pressure
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common condition that will catch up with most people who live in older age. Blood pressure is the force of blood pressing against the walls of the arteries. When it’s too high, it raises the heart’s workload and can cause serious damage to the arteries. Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.
Hypotension or low blood pressure
Hypotension or low blood pressure would seem to be something to strive for. However, for many people, low blood pressure can cause symptoms of dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening. The causes of low blood pressure can range from dehydration to serious medical or surgical disorders. Low blood pressure is treatable, but it’s important to find out what’s causing your condition so that it can be properly treated.
Here are some remedies for preventing hypo and hyper blood pressures
1. Lose extra weight.
2. Reduce belly fat
3. Exercise regularly
4. Reduce salt in your diet
5. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink
Diet to be followed to keep Blood pressure normal are as follows:
- Leafy green vegetables
- Red Beets
- Garlic and herbs
- Dark chocolate
- Olive oil
- Unsalted sunflower seeds
- Ground flax seeds