All for Joomla All for Webmasters

All Health Tips & Benifits

Hyperthyroidism

Know about it
48 0
Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of your neck. The thyroid gland is about 2-inches long and lies in front of your throat below the prominence of thyroid cartilage sometimes called the Adam’s apple. The thyroid has two sides called lobes that lie on either side of your windpipe, and is usually connected by a strip of thyroid tissue known as an isthmus. Some people do not have an isthmus, and instead have two separate thyroid lobes.

It releases hormones that control metabolism—the way your body uses energy. The thyroid’s hormones regulate vital body functions, including:

  • Breathing
  • Heart rate
  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Body weight
  • Muscle strength
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Body temperature
  • Cholesterol levels

The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods you eat to make two main hormones:

  • Triiodothyronine (T3) : Triiodothyronine, also known as T₃, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate.
  • Thyroxine (T4) :  Thyroxine’s principal function is to stimulate the consumption of oxygen and thus the metabolism of all cells and tissues in the body. Thyroxine is formed by the molecular addition of iodine to the amino acid tyrosine while the latter is bound to the protein thyroglobulin.

Hyperthyroidism : Excessive secretion of thyroxine in the body is known as hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, is more prevalent in women than in men. Common symptoms include weight loss, weakness, irregular heartbeat, and difficulty sleeping.

Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • increased appetite
  • nervousness
  • restlessness
  • inability to concentrate
  • weakness
  • irregular heartbeat
  • difficulty sleeping
  • fine, brittle hair
  • itching
  • hair loss
  • nausea and vomiting
  • breast development in men

Diagnosis : By physical test this can reveal these common signs of hyperthyroidism:

  • weight loss
  • rapid pulse
  • elevated blood pressure
  • protruding eyes
  • enlarged thyroid gland

Other test include

  • Cholesterol test
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone level test
  • Triglyceride test
  • Thyroid scan and uptake
  • Ultrasound
  • CT or MRI scans

Treatment

  • Medication
    • Antithyroid medications, such as methimazole (Tapazole), stop the thyroid from making hormones. They are a common treatment.
  • Radioactive Iodine
  • Surgery
  • Eating a proper diet, with a focus on calcium and sodium, is important, especially in preventing hyperthyroidism.

 

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.