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Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a yellowish or greenish pigmentation of the skin and whites of the eyes due to high bilirubin levels, The color of the skin and sclerae varies depending on levels of bilirubin. And It is commonly associated with itchiness and pale feces and dark urine.  Jaundice in babies occurs in over half in the first week following birth and in most is not a problem. Brain damage, known as kernicterus, may occur  bilirubin levels in babies are very high for long time.

Types of Jaundice

  • Hepatocellular jaundice : It occurs due to liver disease or injury
  • Hemolytic jaundice : It occurs due to hemolysis
  • Obstructive jaundice : It occurs due to obstruction in the bile duct


  • Jaundice causes either overproduction of bilirubin or prevents the liver from disposing of it, both the conditions result in bilirubin being deposited in tissues.
  •  High bilirubin is divided into two types:
    • Unconjugated (Indirect) :- It can be confirmed by finding bilirubin in the urine
    • Conjugated (Direct) :- It is may be due to breakdown of excess red blood cells , large bruises, genetic conditions such as Gilbert’s syndrome, no eating for a prolonged period of time and thyroid problems.
      • It is also may be due to liver disease like cirrhosis or hepatitis, infections, medications, or blockage of the bile duct (Blockage of the bile duct may occur due to gallstones, cancer, or pancreatitis)
  • Some underlying conditions that may cause jaundice are:
    • Acute inflammation of the liver
    • Inflammation of the bile duct
    • Obstruction of the bile duct
    • Hemolytic anemia
    • Gilbert’s syndrome
    • Cholestasis
  • Some rare conditions that cause jaundice
    • Crigler-Najjar syndrome
    • Dubin-Johnson syndrome
    • Pseudojaundice


  • Itchiness
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Pale stool
  • Dark urine
  • yellowish discoloration of the white area of the eye and the skin.


  • Hyperbilirubinemia


Diagnosis is mainly based patient history and physical exam on abdomen.

Some test include

  • Bilirubin tests
  • Full blood count
  • Hepatitis A, B, and C tests
  • Medical imaging such as ultrasound is useful for detecting bile duct blockage and also MRI scan, CT Scan and Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography also use.


Treatment of Jaundice depends on causes of disease. Treatment would then target the cause, rather than the jaundice itself.

  • For bile duct blockage surgery is typically required
  • Medical management may involve treating infectious causes and stopping medication that could be contributing
  • Hepatitis-induced jaundice may be treated with anti-viral or steroid medications.
  • Anemia-induced jaundice may be treated by increasing the amount of iron in the blood;

Some home remedies for Jaundice

Remedy 1


  • Barley powder
  • Water
  • Honey

How to prepare and use

Take a tea spoon of roasted barley powder and add one glass of water to it and now add 1 tea spoon of honey and mix all the ingredient well and drink it.


  • Drink it twice a day.

Remedy 2


  • Basil leaves
  • radish juice

How to prepare and use

Take a teaspoon of basil leaves and add glassful of radish juice and mix both ingredient well and drink it.


  • Drink it twice a day for 20 days.

Remedy 3


  • Lemon

How to prepare and use

Cut the lemon  and take a half a lemon and Dilute the juice in one glass of water and drink it


  • Drink it three to four times a day for few weeks.

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