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Know about Neuritis

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Know about Neuritis

Neuritis is a general term for inflammation of a nerve. Or the general inflammation of the peripheral nervous system. It is also said to be inflammation of single or series of nerves. Many nerves effects with Neuritis is called Poly neuritis.

Types of Neuritis

  • Polyneuritis
  • Multiple neuritis
  • Peripheral neuritis
  • Localized neuritis – affecting a single nerve

Symptoms of Neuritis are

  • pain,
  • paresthesia (pins-and-needles),
  • paresis (weakness),
  • hypoesthesia (numbness),
  • anesthesia,
  • paralysis,
  • wasting,
  • and disappearance of the reflexes.
  • Tingling sensation
  • Burning sensation
  • Sharp pain
  • In the worsen condition it can lead to numbness and Paralysis of adjoining muscles.

Cause of Neuritis is due to entry of toxic substances and other fluids in the body. And also some more reasons like

  • Bad lifestyle
  • Lack of nutrition
  • Incorrect eating habits
  • Metabolic disorders
  • Physical injuries
  • Infections like Diphtheria, Herpes zoster, Leprosy, Lyme disease
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy

Underlying causes of Neuritis are

  • Diabetes
  • Poisoning with arsenic, alcohol or mercury
  • Server bruises
  • Fractures
  • Pressure on the nerves
  • Cancer
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Porphyria
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Vitamin B6 excess

Complications with Neuritis are

  • Osteoporosis

Diagnosis of Neuritis are

  • Brachial neuritis :
  • Cranial neuritis such as Bell’s palsy
  • Optic neuritis
  • Vestibular neuritis

Treatment and prevention

Treatment is mainly depend upon the condition of the disease and diagnosis result.

Neuritis may occur during lepra reactions or may occur independent of lepra reactions. Neuritis is an acute inflammation of the nerves with nerve pain, local oedema and rapid loss of function. Neuritis may occur before leprosy is diagnosed, during leprosy treatment, or up to several years after leprosy treatment has been completed. All neuritis of less than 6 months duration should be treated with the standard 12 week regimen of oral prednisolone. The usual course of oral prednisolone treatment begins with 40-60 mg daily up to a maximum of 1 mg/kg body weight per day and normally controls the neuritis within a few days. Most neuritis can be treated successfully under field conditions with the standard 12 week oral prednisolone treatment. If patients with neuritis do not respond to corticosteroid therapy, they should be sent to the specialist centre.

 

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