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Know about Pneumonia

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Know about Pneumonia

Pneumonia, a lung inflammation affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli which is caused by bacterial or viral infection.

Symptoms and signs of the disease are

  • dry cough
  • pain in chest  area
  • fever
  • trouble breathing
  • Shaking chills
  • Wheezing
  • Muscle pain
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • fast heart rate

Some more typical symptoms when it get worsen

  • Skin with bluish tone from lack of oxygen
  • Blood in sputnum
  • Labored breathing
  • High fever
  • confusion

Causes of Pneumonia:

Pneumonia is due to infections caused primarily by bacteria or viruses and less commonly by fungi and parasites and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. And the duration of the disease will be for few weeks.

Risk factor of Pneumonia are :

  • Cystic fibrosis (A lung disease)
  • COPD
  • Asthma
  • Diabetes
  • heart failure
  • history of smoking
  • week immune system
  • Alcholism
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • liver disease

Diagnosis of the disease :

  • History of the patient which include age, smoking, Diabetic, trauma to chest, Drug or alcohol abuse, weight loss, family history of any cancer, occupational risk (Working with chemicals, mining industry etc.,), close contact with TB patient,
  • Physical examination include
    • Auscultation : Use of stethoscope
    • Percussion : Tapping of chests lightly with fingers
  • Imaging tools (X-ray, CTetc)
  • Laboratory tests.

Prevention and treatment and Medication:

Medication include

Antibiotics

Steroids

Antivirals

  • Vaccination prevents against certain bacterial and viral pneumonias both in children and adults.
  • Influenza vaccines are modestly effective at preventing symptoms of influenza.
  • When influenza outbreaks occur, medications such as amantadine or rimantadine may help prevent the condition
  • Zanamivir or oseltamivir decrease the chance that those exposed will develop symptoms. (All the mentioned treatment medicine should be taken under professional medical practitioner)
  • Should stop smoking immediely
  • Keep away yourself from air pollution.
  • Wash your hand before eating

 

In the following video you can see details about viral Pneumonia:

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