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Know about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in Women

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Know about Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in Women

PCOS -Polycystic ovarian syndrome  is a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in women. It is a problem in which a woman’s hormones ( estrogen and progesterone) are out of balance. Duration of the disease will be for long time. It is common  in women between the ages of 18 and 44.It affects approximately 2% to 20% of this age group based on causing conditions.

With PCOS, women can develop “cysts” due to eggs not being released over time. The follicles keep growing and form multiple “cysts.”

Symptoms and signs of PCOS are

  • Menustral disorder,
  • Infertility,
  • High levels of masculinizing hormones,
  • Metabolic syndrome,
  • heavy periods,
  • acne,
  • excess hair,
  • pelvic pain,
  • Patches of thick,
  • velvety skin.

Complications with PCOS are:

  • Diabetes,
  • Heart diseases,
  • Uterine cancer,
  • Anxiety,
  • Depression
  • Breast cancer
  • sleep apnea
  • high cholesterol
  • hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • endometrial cancer

Causes and risk factor of PCOS are:

PCOS is a heterogeneous disorder of uncertain cause

  • Genetic and environmental factors
  • Insulin resistance & lifestyle
  • Over weight
  • Obesity
  • Weekend immune system
  • Bad dietary choices
  • Accumulation of toxins
  • Not enough exercise

Diagnostic method for pcos are diagnosis can be done based on no ovulation, high androgen levels, ovarian cysts and family history

  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Sonography (To evaluate the ovaries)

Treatment : Regular exercise, healthy foods, and weight control are the key treatments for PCOS. Treatment can reduce unpleasant symptoms and help prevent long-term health problems.

  • Eat a healthy diet

Medication like

  • Birth control pills (If you are not planning to become pregnant
  • Metformin
  • Antiandrogens
  • Surgery (It is recommended for some women)

In the following video you can see yoga for pcos

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