Know about Thyroidism
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of your neck. The thyroid gland is about 2-inches long and lies in front of your throat below the prominence of thyroid cartilage sometimes called the Adam’s apple. The thyroid has two sides called lobes that lie on either side of your windpipe, and is usually connected by a strip of thyroid tissue known as an isthmus. Some people do not have an isthmus, and instead have two separate thyroid lobes.
It releases hormones that control metabolism—the way your body uses energy. The thyroid’s hormones regulate vital body functions, including:
- Heart rate
- Central and peripheral nervous systems
- Body weight
- Muscle strength
- Menstrual cycles
- Body temperature
- Cholesterol levels
The thyroid gland uses iodine from the foods you eat to make two main hormones:
- Triiodothyronine (T3) : Triiodothyronine, also known as T₃, is a thyroid hormone. It affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, and heart rate.
- Thyroxine (T4) : Thyroxine’s principal function is to stimulate the consumption of oxygen and thus the metabolism of all cells and tissues in the body. Thyroxine is formed by the molecular addition of iodine to the amino acid tyrosine while the latter is bound to the protein thyroglobulin.
Hyperthyroidism : Excessive secretion of thyroxine in the body is known as hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease, the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, is more prevalent in women than in men. Common symptoms include weight loss, weakness, irregular heartbeat, and difficulty sleeping.
Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- increased appetite
- inability to concentrate
- irregular heartbeat
- difficulty sleeping
- fine, brittle hair
- hair loss
- nausea and vomiting
- breast development in men
Diagnosis : By physical test this can reveal these common signs of hyperthyroidism:
- weight loss
- rapid pulse
- elevated blood pressure
- protruding eyes
- enlarged thyroid gland
Other test include
- Cholesterol test
- Thyroid stimulating hormone level test
- Triglyceride test
- Thyroid scan and uptake
- CT or MRI scans
- Antithyroid medications, such as methimazole (Tapazole), stop the thyroid from making hormones. They are a common treatment.
- Radioactive Iodine
- Eating a proper diet, with a focus on calcium and sodium, is important, especially in preventing hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism : Deficiency in secretion of thyroxine in the body is known as hyporthyroidism, It is also called underactive thyroid disease, is a common disorder. The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. “Thyroiditis” is an inflammation of the thyroid gland. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are depend on the deficiency of thyroid hormone, but can include
- increased cholesterol levels,
- hair loss
- memory loss,
- dry, rough skin, and
Causes of hypothyroidism.
- Inadequate function of the gland itself
- inadequate stimulation by thyroid-stimulating hormone
- inadequate release of thyrotropin-releasing hormone from the brain’s hypothalamus
- Bad fatty acids in food
- Lack of Iodine
- Lack of selenium and Zinc
- Age factor
- Autoimmune disease
- Radiation and Heavy Metal exposure
- High Cortisol from stress,
- Too many carbs,
- Too little fat in the diet.
Diagnosis: Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed by Blood test, Thyroid antibodies, Thyroid scanning, ultra scanning.
Treatment: There are some medicines to control Hypothyroidism in Homoeopathy but they should be taken by the suggestion of Certified medical practitioner.
In Homeopathy Calcarea carb, Calcarea Phos, Iodine, Thyroidinm, Spongea like medicines are available but this medicine should be given to the patient according to the symptoms especially by the suggestion of Certified medical practitioner.
Food that cure hypothyroidism naturally are coconut oil, Fish, Apple cider vinegar, Ginger tea, Nuts etc.,