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Know about your kidney

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Know about your kidney

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates. Unlike the heart or lungs, they possess no overtly moving structures. They filter the blood in order to make urine, to release and retain water, and to remove waste/Nitrogen (The excretory system). They also control the ion concentrations and acid-base balance of the blood. Each kidney feeds urine into the bladder by means of a tube known as the ureter. They are rough

11 centimeters (4.3 in) in length.

The kidneys excrete a variety of waste products produced by metabolism into the urine. These include the nitrogenous wastes urea, from protein catabolism, and uric acid, from nucleic acid metabolism.

Main health problems that  a person can face with Kidney are:

  1. Acute Kidney problems: Acute kidney failure happens when your kidneys suddenly lose the ability to eliminate excess salts, fluids, and waste materials from the blood. This elimination is the core of your kidneys’ main function. Body fluids can rise to dangerous levels when kidneys lose their filtering ability. The condition will also cause electrolytes and waste material to accumulate in your body, which can also be life-threatening.
  2. Chronic kidney disease: – Chronic kidney disease is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time.Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy by doing the jobs listed. If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen slowly over a long period of time. Chronic kidney disease may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure, and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life. Main causes of chronic kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure.

Some symptoms show that your kidney is in trouble.

  1. Fatigue (Being tired all of the time)
  2. Feeling Cold
  3. Shortness of breath after a very little effort
  4. Feeling faint, dizzy, or weak
  5. Feeling of comfort to think clearly
  6. Swelling in the hands or feet
  7. Swollen or puffy face
  8. Food tastes like metal
  9. Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting
  10. Wake frequently up in the sleep time for urination.
  11. Foamy urine
  12. Colored urine
  13. Pressured urine

Food that damage, kidney health is:

  1. Meat: Diets high in animal protein can cause kidney damage. In fact, a high-protein diet may cause or exacerbate existing kidney problems because protein metabolism places a heavy load on the kidneys, making it difficult to eliminate its waste products.
  2. Salt: A high salt diet will alter this sodium balance, causing the kidneys have reduced function and remove less water resulting in higher blood pressure. This puts a strain on the kidneys and can lead to kidney disease.
  3. Genetically modified food: Researchers found that genetically modified corn, when fed to rats, resulted in some disturbing effects. Not only were the rats’ kidneys adversely affected, but their livers suffered damage as well. “Hepatorenal toxicity” is kidney failure resulting from liver disease.
  4. Carbonated beverages & Artificial sweeteners: Carbonated beverages such as soda (with or without artificial sweetener) and energy drinks are associated with the formation of kidney stones. A 2007 study demonstrated this, showing that drinking two or more colas per day was associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease.
  5. Dairy products:  Consuming dairy products increased the excretion of calcium in the urine, which has been associated with a higher risk of developing kidney stones.
  6. Caffeine: caffeine is a stimulant, it can stimulate blood flow, increasing blood pressure and stress on the kidneys.

Best food to keep kidney healthy.

  • Cabbage.: High in vitamin K, vitamin C and fiber, cabbage is also a good source of vitamin B6 and folic acid. Low in potassium and low in cost, it’s an affordable addition to the kidney diet. Raw cabbage makes a great addition to the dialysis diet as coleslaw or topping for fish tacos.
  • Cauliflower.:High in vitamin K, vitamin C and fiber, cabbage is also a good source of vitamin B6 and folic acid. Low in potassium and low in cost, it’s an affordable addition to the kidney diet. Raw cabbage makes a great addition to the dialysis diet as coleslaw or topping for fish tacos.Hence, it is very important for kidney disease patients prevent heart disease also.
  • Garlic.:Garlic and ginger can neither prevent or cure Kidney Disease, they can still benefit CKD and dialysis patients in very significant ways. … All dialysis patients should avoid salt and sodium.
  • Apples.: Apples have been known to reduce cholesterol, prevent constipation, protect against heart disease and reduce the risk of cancer. High in fiber and anti-inflammatory compounds, an apple a day may really keep the doctor away.
  • Cranberries.:Cranberry juice is very effective at preventing UTIs. Cranberries contain antibacterial compounds known as tannins. Tannins prevent bacteria from sticking to the walls of the bladder and the kidneys.
  • Blueberries.:Blueberries are high in antioxidant phytonutrients called anthocyanidins, which give them their blue color, and they are bursting with natural compounds that reduce inflammation. Blueberries are a good source of vitamin C; manganese, a compound that keeps your bones healthy; and fiber.

 

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