Lyposuction, Procedure, complications and side effects
Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape. Liposuction is not a treatment for obesity or a substitute for proper diet and exercise.It is also not an effective treatment for cellulite – the dimpled skin that typically appears on the thighs, hips, and buttocks – or loose saggy skin.
Improved techniques have made liposuction safer, easier, and less painful. These newer techniques include: Tumescent liposuction, Ultrasound-assisted liposuction, Laser-assisted liposuction.
The main purpose of liposuction is to reshape one or more areas of your body, not to reduce body weight. Liposuction is not used to treat obesity. It will not get rid of cellulite or stretch marks. Liposuction may also be used to treat certain medical conditions, including:
- Benign fatty tumors (lipomas).
- Abnormal enlargement of the male breasts (gynecomastia or pseudogynecomastia).
- Problems with metabolism of fat in the body (lipodystrophy).
- Excessive sweating in the armpit area (axillary hyperhidrosis).
Side effects with Lyposuction are
Common side effects of liposuction include:
- Temporary swelling, bruising, soreness, and numbness in and around the treated areas.
- Irritation and minor scarring around the incision sites where the cannulas were inserted.
- Baggy or rippling skin. The skin will usually tighten and retract after a few months. But in some people the skin may remain somewhat loose.
But some times it also effect in other ways like Permanent color changes in the skin, Uneven skin surface over the treated area, Damage to the nerves and skin. The heat generated during ultrasound-assisted liposuction may burn the skin or damage the tissue under the skin.
Complications with Liposuction are
Serious complications include deep vein thrombosis, organ perforation, bleeding, and infection. Death occurs in about one per ten thousand cases. The safety of the technique relates not only to the amount of tissue removed, but to the choice of anesthetic and the person’s overall health. Several factors limit the amount of fat that can be removed in one session. Negative aspects to removing too much fat include “lumpiness” in the skin.
- Excessive blood and fluid loss, leading to shock. But this is extremely unlikely.
- Fat clots or blood clots, which may travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism) and become life-threatening.
- Buildup of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema). This is most likely to occur when a large volume of fluid is injected into the body.
- Infection. In some cases, antibiotics may be given before or after liposuction to help prevent infection.
- Toxic reaction to the injected solution (lidocaine toxicity), especially if large areas or many areas are treated at one time.
- A puncture into the cavity containing the abdominal organs or damage to an organ such as the spleen.
In the following video you can how liposuction is done