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Osteomyelitis best treatment

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Osteomyelitis best treatment

Osteomyelitis (OM) is an infection of bone, Symptoms may include pain in a specific bone with overlying redness, fever and weakness. The long bones of the arms and legs are most commonly involved in children while the feet, spine, and hips are most commonly involved in adults.

The cause is usually a bacterial infection and rarely a fungal infection. it may occur via spread from the blood or from the blood or from surrounding tissue. Risks for developing osteomyelitis include diabetes, intravenous drugs use, prior removal of the spleen, and trauma to the area. Diagnosis is typically suspected based on symptoms. This is then supported by blood tests, medical imaging, or bone biopsy. 

Treatment often involves both antimicrobials and surgery. In those with poor blood flow, amputation may be required. With treatment outcomes are often generally good when the condition has only been present a short time. About 2.4 per 100,000 people are affected a year. The young and old are commonly affected. Males are more commonly affected than females. The condition was described at least as early as the 300s BC  by Hippocrates. Before the availability of antibiotics, the risk of death was significant. 

Causes 

Bacteria called  Staphylococcus aureus

Staph bacteria

Gram Negative Bacteria

Enteric Bacteria

Streptococcus pyrogens

Mycotic  

These people are more affected   

Diabetes

Sickle cell diseases 

HIV or AIDS 

Rheumatoid arthritis 

Intravenous drug use

Alcoholism

Long term use of steroids

Poor Blood supply 

Symptoms 

Fever, Irritability, fatigue

Nausea

Tenderness, Redness and warmth

Swelling around the affected bone

Lost range of motion 

Treatment

X- ray

Blood test

MRI

Boney MRI

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