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Pharyngitis is inflammation of the pharynx, which is in back of throat, which results in sore throat and fever. Pharyngitis is typically a type of respiratory tract infection. Pharyngitis can also cause scratchiness in the throat and difficult in  swallowing.

Causes of Pharyngitis

  • This infection is manily  caused due to infectious organism acquired from close contact with an infected individual.
  • It is also caused due to virus infections like Adnovirus, Orthomyxoviridae, measles,Herpes simplex virus, Common cold.
  • Bacterial can also infect the human throat in that most common are  Group A streptococcus, others include  Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Bordetella pertussis, Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • Some cases of pharyngitis are caused by fungal infection such as Candida albicans causing oral thrush.
  • whooping cough
  • Acid reflux

Symptoms regarding Pharyngitis

Symptoms usually last three to five days and symptoms are

  • Sore throat
  • fever
  • runny nose
  • cough
  • head ache
  • hoarse voice
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • severe fatigue
  • general malaise
  • loss of appetite
  • rash

Strep throat, another type of pharyngitis, can also show symptoms like

  • difficulty in swallowing
  • red throat with white or gray patches
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • fever
  • chills
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • unusual taste in the mouth
  • general malaise
 Complications associated with Pharyngitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Acute otitis media


It is bitter hard to differentiate where infection is cause by virus or bacteria only based on symptoms. Throat swab is done to know about bacterial cause

Diagnosis process include

  • Physcial examination
  • Throat culture
  • Blood tests


Specific treatments are effective for bacterial, fungal, and herpes simplex infections.


  • Pain medication such as NSAIDs and acetaminophen (paracetamol)
  • Steroids (such as dexamethasone)
  • Viscous lidocaine relieves pain
  • Antibiotics for bacterial infection

Some home care treatments

  • drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
  • eating warm broth
  • licorice
  • gargling with warm salt water (1 tsp. salt per 8 oz. water)
  • using a humidifier
  • resting until you feel better
  • honeysuckle

Some home remedies for Pharyngitis

Remedy 1


  • Apple cider vinegar

How to prepare and use

Take some Apple cider vinger and dilute it by adding a glass of water and drink


  • Drink as much as to get relief

Remedy 2


  • Salt
  • Water

How to prepare and use

Take a glass of water and add 1 table spoon of salt and gargle with salt water it is the best solution for sore throat


  • Repeat this remedy twice a day

Remedy 3


  • Honey
  • Apple cider vinger

How to prepare and use

Mixture of honey and apple cider vinegar can be very effective and gives you quick relief from pain and discomfort of throat


  • Repeat this remedy for few weeks

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