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Remedies for Heart-attack

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Remedies for Heart-attack

The heart attack is also known as Myocardial-Infraction. The heart attack occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to the part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle.

More than millions of Americans have heart attack these days, Myocardial Infarction is permanent heart damage to heart muscle. ‘Myo’ means ‘Muscle’, ‘Cardio’ means ‘Heart’, ‘Infraction’ refers to ‘death of cells due to lack of blood supply’. Most MIs occurs due to Coronary Artery Disease. Risk factor includes high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake, among others. The complete blockage of a coronary artery caused by rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque is usually the underlying mechanism of an MI. MIs are less commonly caused by coronary artery spasms, which may be due to cocaine, significant emotional stress, and extreme cold, among others. A number of tests are used to help with diagnosis, including electrocardiograms(ECG), blood tests, and coronary angiography. An ECG, which is a recording of the heart electrical activity, may confirm an ST elevation MI if ST elevation is present. Commonly used include troponin and less often creative kinase MB.  

SIGNS and  SYMPTOMS

Areas where the pain is experienced in myocardial infarction showing common dark red and less common light red areas on the chest and back.

Pain

Chest pain is a common symptom of acute myocardial infarction and is often described as a sensation of tightness, pressure or squeezing. Pain radiates most often to the left arm, but may also radiate to the lower jaw, neck, right arm, back and upper abdomen. The pain most suggestive of an acute MI, with the highest likelihood ratio, is pain radiating to the right arm and shoulder.

Other symptoms

Sweating

Fainting

Fatigue

Shortness of breath

Low oxygen in the blood

CAUSES

High blood pressure

Diabetes mellitus

Cholesterol

High-density lipoprotein

Coronary artery diseases

TREATMENT

Prevent blood clots

Sticking to the plaque

High blood pressure

Aspirin 

Brilinta

Effient 

Plavix

Thrombolytic therapy

ALSO SEE—

Frozen Shoulder-Stiffness of shoulder

 

 

 

 

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