Schizophrenia is a disorder that affects a person’s ability to think, feel and behave clearly. It mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand what is real.
schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality like wise and thought there are no common symptoms for this are (Symptoms may be both positive and negative)
- Delusions : An idiosyncratic belief or impression maintained despite being contradicted by reality or rational argument, typically as a symptom of mental disorder.
- Hallucinations : An experience involving the apparent perception of something not present.
- Incoherent speech : Incoherent means that something is difficult to understand because it’s not holding together. A lot of people useincoherent to mean unintelligible, which is a perfectly fine usage. But it specifically means unintelligible due to a lack of cohesion, or sticking together
- Thought disorder
- Movement disorder
- Problems with “working memory”
- Poor “executive functioning
- Reduced feelings of pleasure in everyday life
- Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities
- Reduced speaking
- Trouble focusing or paying attention
Causes and risk factors associated with Schizophrenia are
- Genetic condition
- Stress during pregnancy
- Pre-natal viral infections
- Childhood abuse
- Chemical imbalance in brain : Scientists think that an imbalance in the complex, interrelated chemical reactions of the brain involving the neurotransmitters
- Malnutrition before birth
- Psychosocial factors
Schizophrenia is diagnosed based on criteria in either the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5), or the World Health Organization’s International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems.
Mainly the symptoms and self-reported experiences of the person and reported abnormalities in behavior, followed by a clinical assessment by a mental health professional.
The primary treatment of schizophrenia is antipsychotic medications, often in combination with psychological and social supports
Antipsychotics: Antipsychotic medications are usually taken daily in pill or liquid form and some times it may be given in the form of injection once or twice a month
Psychosocial Treatments: These treatments are helpful after patients and their doctor find a medication that works.
This treatment model integrates medication, psychosocial therapies, case management, family involvement, and supported education and employment services, all aimed at reducing symptoms and improving quality of life.