All for Joomla All for Webmasters

All Health Tips & Benifits

Sore throat Overview

Know about it
29 0
Want create site? Find Free WordPress Themes and plugins.

Sore throat Overview

Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an bacterial infection that causes inflammation and sore, scratchy throat. It is caused by a group A streptococcus. Strep throat can affect children and adults of all ages but it is common in children between  ages 5 to 15.

Spreading of infection

  • Infection can be spread from one person to another by
    • sneezing
    • coughing
    • through respiratory droplets of infected person
    • spread by skin infected with group A strep

Causes : Streptococcal pharyngitis is mainly caused by group A streptococcus bacteria.

Symptoms : The symptoms of strep throat typically develop within five days of exposure to the bacteria.Some people may carry the bacteria without symptoms. But common symptoms regarding strep throat are 

  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Large lymph nodes
  • a headache
  • chills
  • a loss of appetite
  • swollen nymph nodes
  • trouble swallowing

When to Consult you doctor

In some condition sore throat caused by other medical conditions usually improve on their own with or without treatment in a few days. Conditions are like

  • a sore throat that lasts longer than two days
  • a sore throat with white patches
  • dark, red splotches or spots on the tonsils or the top of the mouth
  • a sore throat with a fine, sandpaper-like pink rash on the skin
  • difficulty breathing
  • difficulty swallowing


A number of scoring systems exist to help with diagnosis, thought it is not correct method but Centor criteria are a set of five criteria; the total score indicates the probability of a streptococcal infection.

One point is given for each of the criteria:

  • Absence of a cough
  • Swollen and tender cervical lymph nodes
  • Temperature >38.0 °C (100.4 °F)
  • Tonsillar exudate or swelling
  • Age less than 15 (a point is subtracted if age >44)

There is no treatment or culture required if the score is one,

In some conditions further testing is required when other high risk factors exist, such as a family member having the disease.

Testing is not needed in children under three as both group A strep and rheumatic fever are rare, unless a child has a sibling with the disease.

  • Laboratory testing like throat culture etc.,
  • Strep test

Treatment and prevention

  • There is no vaccine for the disease, Treatment with antibiotics is only recommended in those with a confirmed diagnosis. Paracetamol (Acetaminophen), NSAIDS, antibiotics are used to treat strep throat. Penicillin and amoxicillin are the most common medications given for a strep infection.


  • Prevention is by washing hands and not sharing eating utensils.

Did you find apk for android? You can find new Free Android Games and apps.

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.