Spirulina-A Protein-rich Top Superfood Algae
Spirulina represents a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) It is single-celled fresh water blue-green algae that can be consumed by humans and other animals.
There are two species, Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima.
Arthrospira is cultivated worldwide; used as a dietary supplement as well as a whole food; and is also available in tablet, flake and powder form. It is also used as a feed supplement in the aquaculture, aquarium and poultry industries.
It grows in warm alkaline water bodies in a climate where the maximum amount of sunlight is available.
Nutritional values in 100g of Spirulina:
Dried spirulina contains about 60% (51–71%) protein. It is a complete protein containing all essential amino acids, It constraint about 57.47g for 100 grams spirulina contains proteins like Tryptophan, Threonine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, cystine, Phenylalanine, Tyrosine, Valine, Arginine, Histidine, Alanine, Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Glycine, Proline, Serine.
Spirulina is also rich in vitamins like vitamin A, beta-carotene, lutein zeaxanthin, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B6, Folate (B9), Vitamin B12, Choline, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K.
Minerals in Spirulina are calcium, Iron, magnesium, Phosphorous, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc.
Other constituents like water is about 4.68g per 100 grams
- Energy – 1,213 kJ (29 Kcal)
- carbohydrates – 23.9g (Sugars, Dietary fiber)
- Fat – 7.72g (Saturated, Monounsaturated, Polyunsaturated)
Spirulina does not contain Vitamin B12, as they contain pseudovitamin B12, which is biologically inactive in humans.
Algae is also a potent of numerous other phytonutrients, antioxidants etc.,
Note: Like all protein-rich foods, spirulina contains the essential amino acid phenylalanine, which should be avoided by people who have phenylketonuria, a rare genetic disorder that prevents the body from metabolizing phenylalanine, which then builds up in the brain, causing damage
Benefits of spirulina:-
- Scientific research and studies observed that spirulina shows positive effects on a variety of medical conditions such as cancer, Epstein-Barr, Leukemia, and HIV.
- 1 gram of spirulina is ineffective, a dose of 4.5 grams per day has been shown to reduce blood pressure in individuals with normal blood pressure levels
- Spirulina is a popular alternative treatment for symptoms of allergic rhinitis
- Spirulina supplementation increased the hemoglobin content of red blood cells. Immune function also improved So that spirulina may be effective against anemia.
- spirulina supplementation can enhance endurance to increase muscle strength.
- In a study of 25 patients with type 2 diabetes, 2 grams of spirulina led to an impressive reduction in blood sugar levels
In the following video, you can see health benifits and side effects of spirulina