Super foods Carrot
The carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour. It is one of the most versatile root vegetables around – a result of its sweet flavour. The scientific name of Carrot are Daucus carota. Daucus carota is a biennial plant that grows a rosette of leaves while building up the taproot that stores large amounts of sugars to provide energy for the plant to flower in the second year.
Nutritional values of carrot per 100 grams
Presence of beta carotene carrot characterized with bright orange colour nd lesser amounts of α-carotene, γ-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin. α- and β-carotenes are partly metabolized into vitamin A. Carrots constraints about 88% water, 4.7% sugar, 0.9% protein, 2.8% dietary fiber, 1% ash and 0.2% fat. Carrot dietary fiber comprises mostly cellulose, with smaller proportions of hemicellulose, lignin and starch. Free sugars in carrot include sucrose, glucose and fructose
- Total calories present Carrot are about 41.
- Sodium is about 69 mg
- Potassium is about 320 mg
- Total carbohydrates 10 g in that Dietary fiber are 2.8 g and Sugar are about 4.7 g
- Proteins are about 0.9 g
- Vitamins and minerals present in carrot are Vitamin A, calcium, vitamin D, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Iron, Vitamin B6 and magnesium.
Health benefits of carrot are
- The lutein and zeaxanthin carotenoids characteristic of carrots are studied for their potential roles in vision and eye health
- The provitamin A beta-carotene from carrots does not actually help people to see in the dark unless they suffer from a deficiency of vitamin A
- High cholesterol is a major factor for heart disease. Since regular consumption of carrots reduces cholesterol levels. Fiber in carrot also boosts heart health by helping to eliminate excess LDL cholesterol from the walls of arteries and blood vessels. So in the way it helps to reduce heart disease.
- Carrots contain a number of antiseptic and antibacterial abilities that make it ideal for boosting the immune system as it is rich in vitamin c stimulates white blood cells which inturn helps to boost immune system.
- Carrots are rich fiber so that it helps in healthy digestion of food. Fiber also adds bulk to stool, which helps it pass smoothly through the digestive tract.
- Beta-carotene consumption has been linked to a reduced risk of several cancers, mainly lung cancer
- Beta-carotene lowers the risk of macular degeneration. Macular degeneration is lack of vision mainly in old people.
- Carrots also stimulate the gums and induce excess saliva. So which it combats the bacteria and foreign bodies that can often result in cavities, halitosis, and other oral health risks.
- High blood pressure is also directly linked to atherosclerosis, strokes, and heart attacks. Nutrients present in fiber, potassium, nitrates, and vitamin C could have contributed to the effect seen in lowering systolic blood pressure