Vaginal Dryness Overview
Vaginal Dryness, also known as Vaginal atrophy or Atrophic Vaginitis is a common condition in many of the women with extreme physical discomfort.
A thin layer of clear fluid keep the walls of vagina stay lubricated. The hormone estrogen is responsible to maintain that fluid and keeps the lining of the vagina healthy, thick, and elastic. But in some conditions like during menopause, there is reduce in the level of estrogen which in turn reduces the amount of moisture available in vaginal walls. This condition is called Vaginal atrophy.
Symptoms associated with Viginal Dryness
- vaginal irritation, discomfort, itchiness or a burning sensation
- discomfort during sex
- a reduced sex drive
- the surface of the vagina looks pale and thin
- urinary tract infection
- vaginal dryness, burning, stinging, swelling, chaffing and bleeding.
- Discomfort if the vulva is inflamed and sore.
- narrowing or shortening of the vagina
- The main cause vaginal dryness is only due to decrease in the estrogen level especially at the time of menopause, breastfeeding, not being aroused before sex, contraception, cancer treatment etc., in all this conditions reduce in the level of estrogen which in turn reduces the amount of moisture available in vaginal walls leads to vaginal dryness.
- Diagnosis depends on the symptoms and medical history of the patients.
- Pelvic exam is done to check vaginal thickness or redness
- Pap test is done to remove and test cells from your vaginal wall or cervix.
- The main treatments helpful in treating vaginal dryness are mainly
- Vaginal moisture,
- Vaginal estrogen,
- Hormone replacement therapy.