World Liver day-Keep your liver healthy
19th April is observed as World Liver Day, and it aims to spread awareness about the various liver diseases that affect millions of people worldwide.
The liver is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen, below the diaphragm. The liver has a wide range of functions, including detoxification of various metabolites, protein synthesis, and the production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. It also plays a role in metabolism, removal of toxins, regulating cholesterol and blood sugar, and releasing bile which helps in the digestion process, regulation of glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells and hormone production.
There is currently no way to compensate for the absence of liver function in the long term, although liver dialysis techniques can be used in the short term. Artificial livers are yet to be developed to promote long term replacement in the absence of the liver. As of now, liver transplantation is the only option for complete liver failure.
There are many causes that lead to different kinds of liver problems, but one primary reason is our lifestyle choices such as eating excessive fatty foods, high alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, etc.
The following are main liver disorders we face:
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by a virus, by inherited disorders, and sometimes by certain medications or toxins such as alcohol and drugs. Scientists have identified four main types of viral hepatitis: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and hepatitis D.
Hepatitis A is the most common and the most infectious, spreading easily from person to person like most other viruses. It affects millions around the world and is responsible for more than 2 million deaths a year.
Causes of Hepatitis A is waterborne and spread mainly via sewage and contaminated food and water.
Hepatitis B is acquired through exposure to infected blood, vaginal fluids, or semen.
Causes of Hepatitis B is transmitted by contact with infected semen, blood, or vaginal secretions, and from mother to newborn. Hepatitis B is most commonly spread by unprotected sex and by sharing of infected needles (including those used for tattooing, acupuncture, and ear piercing).
Hepatitis C About 15% of those with hepatitis C may have been exposed to infected blood products before widespread blood testing began.
Causes of Hepatitis C is spreads via direct blood-to-blood contact.
Hepatitis D is unique because it can only affect those that already have hepatitis B.
Causes of Hepatitis D is spread by infected needles and blood transfusions.
(Improved screening of donated blood has greatly reduced the risk of catching hepatitis B or C from blood transfusions. Both hepatitis B and C can be spread through sharing of razors, toothbrushes, and nail clippers.)
It’s the final stage of many different forms of liver disease. Cirrhosis involves permanent scarring of the liver that can severely impact the proper functioning of the organ.
The main cause of cirrhosis is chronic infection with the hepatitis C virus. Other causes include are long-term, excessive alcohol consumption, chronic infection with hepatitis B virus, inherited disorders of iron and copper metabolism, severe reactions to certain medications, fatty liver caused by obesity, infections from bacteria and parasites usually found in the tropics, repeated episodes of heart failure with liver congestion and bile-duct obstruction
With cirrhosis, the liver tissue is irreversibly and progressively destroyed as a result of infection, poison, or some other disease. The normal liver tissue is replaced by scars and areas of regenerating liver cells.
Tiredness, fever, nausea, loss of appetite, and pain (usually under the ribs on the right side of the abdomen). There may also be some jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes.) are common symptoms for both Hepatitis and Cirrhosis.
In hepatitis B and C, viral particles may linger in the body producing a chronic infection that lasts for years. This can eventually lead to liver cirrhosis and, in some cases, liver cancer.
symptoms of cirrhosis include:
Abdominal pain, general fatigue, intestinal bleeding, itching, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), loss of interest in sex, nausea and vomiting, small red, spider-like blood vessels under the skin or easy bruising, swelling in the abdomen and legs caused by fluid accumulation, weakness, weight loss
If you have cirrhosis, you should seek emergency help if you experience any of the following:
- mental confusion
- rectal bleeding
- vomiting blood
Ways to prevent liver Diseases.
- Ditch Junk food
- Prolonged sitting is bad
- Avoid Sugary Drinks
- Reduce overweight
- Don’t drink lot of alcohol
- Eat a healthy diet and get regularly exercise
Watch the following video some food which helps to naturally cleanse the liver.